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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
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Acid
A condition which is derived by partial exchange of replaceable hydrogen; an element that is sour; on the pH scale, acid conditions are any pH below 7.0 which is neutral.
Alkaline
The condition of water or soil that contains an amount of alkali substances (various soluble salts) to raise the pH above 7.0.
Annuals
Plants or flowers that grow and die in the same season. Most of the annuals in the plant database are flowering plants recommended to add color and variety to planting beds. Most annuals require full sun or partial shade and many need supplemental irrigation.
Aquascape
The planting of aquatic and wetland plants for the enhancement, restoration, or creation of freshwater, estuarine, or marine systems.
Aquifer
A layer of underground rock or sand that stores and transports water for consumption. Water in the aquifer is also the source of all water that flows from Florida's springs. Fertilizers and pesticides spread on the ground can soak into the aquifer and pollute drinking water as well as water in Florida's springs.
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Bedding plants
Herbaceous annual or perennial plants that are sold for use in flower or vegetable gardens.
Berm
A raised earthen area.
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Chelate
A complex organic molecule that surrounds certain trace elements, such as iron, and keeps them dissolved in a solution and makes them available for absorption by plants.
Composting
The process of converting plant and animal waste into useful soil additives.
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Deciduous
A plant that sheds all of its leaves at one time each year.
Drip line
The circle that forms at the ends of the branches of a tree, where water drips off the leaves onto the ground.
Drought tolerant
Used to describe plants that require less water because they're adapted to regions with frequent drought or to soils with low water-holding capacity.
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Evergreen
A plant that retains at least some of its leaves year-round.
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Florida-friendly Landscaping
Describes landscaping practices that help to preserve Florida's natural resources and protect the environment.
Fungicide
A chemical that kills or inhibits the growth of fungi on plants and grass.
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Girdle
To constrict or destroy the bark in a ring around the trunk or branch of a plant, cutting off flow of nutrients and water through the bark; ultimately the plant dies.
Groundcovers
Low-growing plants used for erosion control, to replace grass or simply for aesthetic reasons.
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Herbicide
A chemical that kills plants or inhibits their growth; typically intended for weed control.
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Impervious
Roads, parking lots, and driveway surfaces that rain and irrigation water cannot penetrate.
Inorganic
Describing a substance not derived from a living organism and/or not composed of carbon and hydrogen (a hydrocarbon). A chemical or fertilizer that is not obtained from a source that is or has been alive is inorganic.
Insecticide
A pesticide that kills insects and other arthropods.
Invasive Plant
A plant that moves in and takes over an ecosystem to the detriment of other species. These plants are often introduced intentionally or accidentally by human activity. Air potato, Brazilian pepper, melaleuca tree, Australian pine are just a few examples of invasive plants in Florida that cost the state and property owners tens of millions of dollars each year to remove and manage. To learn more about the categorization of non-native plants in Florida, see the IFAS Assessment of the Status of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas.
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Leaching
The downward movement of water and any particles dissolved in it, such as nutrients or pollutants through soil.
Littoral Zone
The area between high and low tide in coastal waters, or the shoreline of a freshwater lake.
Loam
A mixture of sand, silt, clay and organic material from decomposed leaf litter and other plant material.
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Micro-irrigation
Irrigation using drip hoses or sprayers that apply water directly the root zones of plants.
Mulch
Natural or manmade material placed on the soil surface to conserve soil moisture, influence soil temperature and control weeds.
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Native Plants
Plants that were present at the time of first European contact in Florida (about 1500 A.D.); a plant that occurs naturally in a particular region, state, ecosystem and habitat without direct or indirect human actions.
Nitrates
A nitrogen-containing compound or pollutant that enters aquifer, springs and surface bodies of water. Excess nitrates in the environment come from fertilizers, poorly designed or malfunctioning septic systems and sewage treatment plants. Excess nitrates lead to algae growth and can damage natural ecosystems.
Nitrogen
An element occurring in natural and chemical fertilizer that is essential to the growth and development of plants, but which, in excess, can cause water to become polluted and threaten aquatic animals.
Nutrients
Chemicals that are needed by plants and animals for growth (eg, nitrogen, phosphorus). In water resources, excessive amounts of nutrients can lead to degradation of water quality by promoting excessive growth, accumulation, and subsequent decay of plants, especially algae.
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Organic
Being composed of, or containing matter of plant or animal origin. All living matter is considered organic. In gardening, the term organic typically refers to plants grown without use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides.
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Perennial
Perennials are plants that last for more than two growing seasons.
Pesticide
A chemical or other substance used to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate pests.
Phosphates
A group of compounds containing phosphorous and oxygen, which are used to enhance the effectiveness of detergents. Also a component of fertilizers, phosphates are essential plant nutrients. Phosphate residues from detergents and fertilizers can cause excessive growth of algae in lakes and streams.
Photosynthesis
The process that turns light energy into chemical energy in green plants.
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Rain Garden
A low area of the landscape with plants well-adapted to high soil moisture and used to manage stormwater runoff from impervious surfaces such as roofs, sidewalks, and parking lots. Rain garden plants also need to be adapted to dry soil conditions since the area may be dry for extended periods as well.
Resistance
After repeated applications of a certain pesticide, some pests may adapt to the chemical and are not harmed by it. Those individuals that survive then breed and pass the resistance genes to their offspring.
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Sinkhole
A hole in the ground caused by erosion of underground limestone. Polluted stormwater runoff carrying fertilizers and pesticides can be carried into sinkholes and conveyed directly to the aquifer, the source of drinking water and water in springs.
Slow-release Fertilizer
A fertilizer that releases its nutrients gradually, over a time period.
Soil pH
The degree of acidity or alkalinity of soil. The pH (acidity/alkalinity) of a property's soils will determine what plants are best suited for your yard. Soil pH affects the ability of the soil to release the nutrients to plants. If the pH level is too high or two low, nutrients can get "locked up" in the soil chemistry and become unavailable to plants. Soil pH is measured with the numbers 1 to 10. A pH below 7 is acidic. A pH above 7 is alkaline. Most plants thrive in a pH of 6 to 6.8. In general, sandy coastal areas are usually slightly alkaline or alkaline (high pH).
Soil Texture
The relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay in a soil; clay is the smallest particle size, and clay tends to hold water and nutrients well and drain poorly; conversely, soils containing a large proportion of sand, the largest particle size, tend to drain well and do not hold water and nutrients well.
Springshed
The total land area that contributes rainfall and runoff to a spring or series of connected springs via the aquifer. Runoff and leaching of fertilizers and pesticides within a springshed can harm fragile springs ecosystems, even if the springs are located many miles from the point of application.
Swale
A man-made depression in the front of a property designed to contain or move stormwater to natural drainage areas. Swales help prevent stormwater runoff into streets and local streams and lakes.
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Thatch
A layer of dead and living plant matter that accumulates between soil and turf, often blocking water and nutrient movement into soil.
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Weed
A plant out of place; weeds are troublesome because they compete with desirable plants for water, minerals and light; sometimes weeds can host insect pests or diseases.
Wilting
The drooping of plant parts, especially leaves, generally because of a lack of water.
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Craigs Perfect Turf Landscaping Port Charlotte Florida

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